Контрольная работа Англ. яз.


МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ

ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ АВТОНОМНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ

ВЫСШЕГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ

«ТЮМЕНСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ»

ИНСТИТУТ ГОСУДАРСТВА И ПРАВА

КАФЕДРА ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОГО И МУНИЦИПАЛЬНОГО УПРАВЛЕНИЯ

 

 

 

 

Контрольная работа

по дисциплине «английский язык»

 

 

студента 1 курса Гумерова Д.М.

направление Государственное и

муниципальное управление

отделения заочной формы обучения,

группа ________________

Ф.И.О.

Проверил:

______________________________

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Тюмень 2017

 

Регистрационный номер Дата

________________ _______________201_

 

Регистрационный номер (кафедра) Дата

________________ ______________201_

 

1. Соотнесите транскрипцию с написанными словами

1) ['p/\ni∫m∂nt]

c) punishment

2) [lכ:]

h) law

3) [pr∂'tek∫(∂)n]

e) protection

4) [s∂'sai∂ti]

g) society

5) [∂'fens]

b) offence

6) ['prכp∂ti]

i) property

7) [ris,pכns∂'biliti]

a) responsibility

8) ['kriminl]

j) criminal

9) [ru:l]

f) rule

10) [,ledis'lei∫(∂)n]

d) legislation

 

2. а)

Nouns

Verbs

Adjectives

Adverbs

location (положение)

codify(кодифицировать

penal(уголовный)

extremely(крайне)

delinquent (преступник)

regulate (регулировать)

individual(индивидуальный)

practically(практический)

government (правительство)

punish(наказывать)

criminal(криминальный)

regularly(обычный)

community(общество)

provide(обеспечить)

legal(законныйридический)

 

detection (обнаружение)

declare(обьявить)

typically(типично)

 

murder (убийство)

 

 

 

legislation (законодательство)

 

 

 

criminal(преступник)

 

 

 

robbery(кража)

 

 

 

corruption(корупция, порча)

 

 

 

finance(финансы)

 

 

 

investment(вложнение)

 

 

 

security(защита)

 

 

 

 

 

b) to prescribe (предписывать) – prescription (предписывание)

to isolate (изолировать) – isolation (изоляция)

to consider (рассматривать) – consideration (рассмотрение)

to incorporate (объединять) – incorporation (объединения)

to protect (защищать) – protection (защита)

to discourage (препятствовать) – discouragement (препятствие)

to obsreve (наблюдать) – obsrevation (наблюдение)

to regulate (регулировать) – regulation (регулирование)

to charge (заряжать) – charging (зарядка)

to pay (платить) – payment (оплата)

to compensate (компенсировать) – compensation (компенсация)

to behave (поступать) – behavior (поведение)

to define (определять) – definition (определение)

to punish (наказывать) – punishment (наказание)

 

c) liquidation (ликвидация) – to liquidate (ликвидировать)

objection (возражение) – to object (возражать)

provision (cнабжение) – to provise (снабжать продовием)

expansion (распространение) – to expatiate (распространяться)

definition (определение) – to define (определять)

development (развитие, разработка) – to develop (развивать)

formation (формирование) – to fomat (форматировать)

application (заявление) – apply (подать заявление)

advisor (советник) – to advise (советовать)

establishment (создание) – to establish (создавать)

agreement (соглашение) – to agree (соглашаться)

restriction (ограничение) – to restrict (ограничивать)

statement (заявление) – to state (заявлять)

contribution (вклад) – to contribute (внести свой вклад)

 

3. Образуйте притяжательный падеж существительных

1) the instruction teachers and family’s; 2) society’s members’; 3) the legal forms executive’s and administrative activity’s; 4) the ministries’ activity’s; 5) the categories to law’s; 6) the law’s system’s in Russia; 7) the principle’s source’s to constitutional law’s; 8) the decision’s to a lawyer’s; 9) the behavior’s to a criminal’s; 10) the ruling of the court

4. Cоотнесите фразы, данные в правой колонке, с их английскими эквивалентами, данными в левой колонке.

1) categories of law

a) нарушать правила

2) to define the rights and obligations

b) нести наказание

3) a civil action/case

c) поддерживать порядок

4) to suffer a penalty

d) совершить преступление

5) to maintain order

e) споры между гражданами

6) to commit a crime

f) юридические и физические лица

7) to protect property

g) отрасли права

8) disputes between citizens

h) гражданское дело

9) to break the rules

i) защищать собственность

10) legal entities and individuals

j)определять права и обязанности

 

5. Cоотнесите фразы, данные в левой колонке, с их английскими эквивалентами, данными в правой колонке и выучите их наизусть.

1) Employment law

a) экологическое право

2) court procedure

b) определение наказания

3) financial transaction

c) антимонопольное право

4) rights and obligations

d) управление компанией

5) Environmental law

e) трудовое право

6) running of the company

f) нарушение гражданского права

7) violation of civil law

g) судебный процесс

8) setting of punishment

h) охрана природы

9) nature protection

i)права и обязанности

10) Antitrust law

j) финансовая сделка

 

6. Cоставьте предложения, употребив оборот there is/are в соответствующем времени

1) There are descriptive and prescriptive laws. 2) There is no unified system of law accepted by all countries. 3) There are laws in every community made for self-protection. 4) There were two main traditions in the world: English Common law and Continental or Roman law. 5) Before William of Normandy invaded England in 1066 there was no law common to the whole kingdom. 6) In ancient times there were travelling judges who tried cases. 7) Nowadays, there are Statute Law, Common Law and Case Law in English law. 8) In the future there will be universal system of laws for all the countries of the world. 9) There will be time when people will live absolutely safely and comfortably. 10) There is a great difference between the world’s systems of law.

7. Поставьте глагол to be/ to have в нужной форме

1) Each country in the world (1. has) its own system of law. 2) Many years ago in Greece each city state (2. had) its own law, some laws (3. were) common to many states. 3) One of the earliest systems of law (4. was) the collection of laws known as the code of Hammurabi. 4) Roman law (5. was) one of the greatest systems that has ever existed. 5) In ancient times Roman law (6. had) a deep influence upon the law of the world. 6) Roman law (7. had) a strong influence on the law of most European countries and some influence on Anglo-Saxon law, which (8. was) the other great system of law system in the world. 7) The Napoleonic Code (9. was) a splendid achievement. 8) French public law (10. Was not) codified. 9) There (11. is) no whole system of codification which prevails in many countries.10) Nowadays, informal rules (12. have) very little to do with the laws created by governments.

 

8. Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степени прилагательных. Заполните таблицу:

Положительная

Сравнительная

Превосходная

Intensive

More Intensiv

The most intensive

significant

more significant

most significant

little

less

least

important

more important

most important

good

better

best

sophisticated

more sophisticated

most sophisticated

old

older

oldest

independent

more independent

most independent

fascinating

more fascinating

most fascinating

wise

wiser

wisest

progressive

more progressiver

most progressive

wealthy

wealthier

wealthiest

bad

worse

worst

purposeful

less purposeful

most purposeful

poor

poorer

poorest

rich

richer

richest

many

more

most

clever

cleverer

cleverest

 

9. Восстановите порядок слов в вопросительных предложениях и ответьте на них

1) What do we call behavior? Of social and moral informal rules2) What laws regulate the relations between? People 3) Should be customs written down? 4) Can we rules break any penalty suffering without? 5) What did Thomas Hobbes as life in a call state of nature? 6) What concerns tax matters and tax responsibilities? 7) What/ involves statutes/ law/ and rules of environmental protection? 8) Does/ deal with/ Company law/ the legal methods/ of company formation,/ and financial affairs/ company running? 9) Ensures and regulates/ what/ fair competition,/law/ ensures protection/ from monopolization? 10) What/ sets control of/ law/ working conditions,/ and employment relations/ deals with rules/ and regulations of labor?

 

10. Напишите вопросы к следующим предложениям

1) In modern times most rules of law have reflected general custom. 2) Continental or Roman law has developed in most of Continental Europe, Latin America and many countries in Asia and Africa. 3) Common law was developing gradually throughout history. 4) Continental systems of law have resulted from the attempts of governments to produce a set of codes. 5) The lawmakers wanted to show that legal rules of their citizens originated in the state, not in local customs.

 

11. Поставьте глагол в необходимую видо-временную форму

Nowadays, there (1. are) two main traditions of law in the world. One (2. is) based on English Common law. The other tradition (3. is) known as Continental, or Roman law.

Common law, or the case law system, (4. differs) from Continental law as it (5.has developed) gradually throughout history. It (6.is) not the result of government attempts to codify every legal relation. Customs and court rulings have been as important as statutes. Judges (7. do) the law, in some cases they (8.make) law, and their, interpretations may become precedents for other courts.

Before William of Normandy (9. invaded) England in 1066 no law (10.was) common to the whole kingdom.

 

12. Прочитайте текст The History of Civil Service. Выберите правильный ответ на вопросы данные после текста (из a, b, c)

 

THE HISTORY OF CIVIL SERVICE

 

The use of competitive examinations to select civil officials was begun in China during the Han dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD). In the West, however, selection of civil administrators and staff on the basis of merit examinations is a later development. The Roman Empire, for example, seems to have recruited and promoted officials largely on the basis of custom and the judgment of superiors.

The establishment of the modern civil service is closely associated with the decline of feudalism and the growth of nation states that were centrally governed. In Prussia, as early as the mid-17th Century, Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg, created an efficient civil administration staffed by civil servants chosen on a competitive basis. In France similar reforms preceded the Revolution and were the basis for the Napoleonic reforms that transformed the royal service into the civil service. Development of a professional civil service came several decades later in Great Britain and the United States, who both separately established the notion of a politically independent civil service in the mid to late 19th Century.

In the 1990s, many civil service departments became agencies, e.g., Information Technology Services Agency (ITSA) and Defence Evaluation and Research Agency (DERA). It was a Conservative idea whereby the old departments, which were all controlled centrally, were allowed to do their own thing. This meant that different agencies could have different pay scales and recruitment practices. It also meant that they could start doing work with/for the private sector as well as government departments. In the old department-based service, if you wanted to change jobs you could apply for a transfer to anywhere in the civil service. So one week you could be getting abuse from a benefit claimant in Sheffield and the next you could be counting sheep in Cornwall. Now, because the agencies are all independent, you can only apply for a job in the same agency. What it also allowed the agencies to do was outsource a lot of their work to private companies. This led to a strange situation where former colleagues could not buy each other a drink without declaring it in a hospitality log to avoid accusations of undue influence. At the time these changes were deeply unpopular. It was seen as the start of a process whereby all the perks of working in the civil service e.g., job security, decent pension, flexible working practices (which were compensation for the comparatively low salary) were slowly being eroded but without any increase in pay. The reforms were in departments which weren't directly involved with drawing up legislation (i.e., the Department of Trade and Industry), but to departments which concerned the implementation of law or the execution of services.

Since the devolution of power over Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales in the late nineties, civil service departments in each area now have a greater degree of responsibility and no longer report to ministers in Whitehall, but ministers in each principality. Therefore, the civil service isn't as centralized as it used to be, except over certain matters, such as defence, which is still controlled by Westminster.

 

1) Where was the use of competitive examinations to select civil officials begun?

a) China

2) What is the establishment of the modern civil service associated with?

b) decline of feudalism

3) What departments did the reforms in Great Britain touch upon?

b) civil service departments

4) In what European country was civil service established first?

c) France

5) Where is the civil service centralized?

a) defence

 

13. Прочитайте текст The History of Civil Service еще раз и выберете то значение слова, в котором оно используется в контексте

1) development

b. достижение

2) officials

b.официальные лица

3) pay scales

a. разница в оплате

4) decent pension

b. приличная пенсия

5) to outsource

c. исполнять

 

14. Прочитайте текст The History of Civil Service еще раз. Определите какое из утверждений является истинным (T) или ложным (F).

 

T

F

1) In the Roman Empire civil service was based on traditions.

+

 

2) The establishment of the modern civil service is closely associated with reforms.

+

 

3) Since the 1990s a lot of civil service departments have different pay scales and recruitment practices.

+

 

4) Civil servants can apply for a job in the same agency.

 

+

5) Civil service departments report to ministers in Whitehall.

 

+

 

15. Письменно ответьте на вопросы к тексту The History of Civil Service

1) How did the Roman Empire recruit and promote officials?

The Roman Empire seems to have recruited and promoted officials largely on the basis of custom and the judgment of superiors.

 

2) How could a civil servant change a job?

 

 

3) Is the civil service in Great Britain centralized?

   The civil service isn't as centralized as it used to be, except over certain matters, such as defence, which is still controlled by Westminster

 

4) What criteria of selecting civil servants do you like most?

 

 

5) Why did a lot of civil services become agencies?

 

 

6) Is civil service in Russia centralized?

About maximios

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *

97 − = 89